Etizolam is a drug that features similar chemical composition as that of benzodiazepines such as Valium, Xanax, and Alprazolam. It works by depressing the nervous system hence why it usually is prescribed either by a GP or doctor for insomnia and anxiety. Benzodiazepines are, however, very addictive. They often are abused recreationally due to their sedating and relaxing effects. According to the World Health Organization, the potency of etizolam is about six to ten that of diazepam. Nevertheless, etizolam is typically considered to be a thienodiazepine rather than a benzodiazepine as its chemical structure is somewhat different.
What are the Uses of Etizolam?
1. It helps deal with anxiety problems
Etizolam is an excellent medication for anyone suffering from anxiety issues as it relaxes the muscles, therefore, acting as an antidepressant. Thus, it often is prescribed for persons who are going through a rough patch in their lives, consequently making them experience anxiety. Likewise, this medication has been proven to be a suitable cure for any panic disorder.
2. It assists persons suffering from insomnia
This drug is an excellent choice for someone who has a problem sleeping as it aids in the relaxation of muscles. Subsequently, it helps lighten their moods and induce sleep. Nevertheless, etizolam is also known to cause oversleeping as well as changing an individual’s sleeping cycle. Thus this results in an alteration in the last sleeping cycle stage referred to as Rapid Eye Movement, REM.
3. Etizolam is used as a remedy for Vertigo
Vertigo is a condition which causes someone a feeling of spinning dizziness, and this is often accompanied by nausea, headache as well as vomiting. Low dosages of etizolam in powder form are diluted to create a low-density liquid to improve the condition of any patient having benign paroxysmal positional Vertigo.
4. It is a cure for epilepsy
Etizolam is an effective medication for remedying epilepsy, which is a nerve-connected disorder. This disorder is known to cause the brain of an individual to become abnormal, subsequently affecting their consciousness as well as making them behave strangely. Etizolam remedies this disorder by reducing and controlling seizures by increasing the chemical messenger activity. This eventually subjugates any of the brain cell’s abnormal behavior.
5. Etizolam assists in pain relief
This medication is excellent at treating headaches which are linked to tension, particularly when it is not used together along with a mon-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Nevertheless, individuals using liquid etizolam need to be cautious with their usage. It is because if it is not appropriately prescribed or the density is not well-thought-out, it may turn malicious instead of curative.
Types of Etizolam Drug?
This is etizolam that is usually found in liquid form. It often is used in food and drinks and then consumed together, but hot food and beverages need to be avoided as they reduce the medication’s potency. Moreover, the effects of etizolam in liquid form are felt after a different duration. Typically, this is dependent on the density because it takes a while to be digested and then absorbed into a person’s bloodstream. However, the liquid form is absorbed faster in comparison to other types plus is an effective method of this medication as its absorption into the bloodstream happens in vast amounts.
Etizolam is also available in powdered form which is typically dissolved in an alcohol-based liquid as it dissolves in such fluids. Therefore, the etizolam is then administered by placing it under or on the tongue, making use of a dropper. The density of the created liquid is not stated but depends on the magnitude of the patient’s sickness. Usually, the dropper features a tiny opening because an overdose of etizolam may be fatal.
Lastly, etizolam is available in tablet form, and a person is advised to take 0.25 mg to 0.5 mg of the tablets for less three times during the day. Furthermore, this always needs to be done according to the doctor’s recommendation and instructions. If this medication is used more than once within a single day, it needs to be at equal intervals guaranteeing that the drug level is maintained at specific levels within the body.
What are the Common Side Effects of Etizolam?
Some of the common side effects of using etizolam include muscle weakness, drowsiness, slurred speech, headache, loss of motor control, as well as impaired cognitive abilities. Furthermore, other symptoms of abuse or use of etizolam are blepharospasm and skin lesions, that is, the eyelids of an individual closing tightly unwillingly.
The intoxication of etizolam is also similar to that of traditional benzodiazepines or alcohol. Subsequently, the use of this drug might result in someone engaging in possibly dangerous behaviors, increased accidents because of falling down, reduced inhibitions resulting in probable undesirable sexual contact and short-term memory lapses. Usually, taking a higher dosage results in negative consequences and possible risk factors.
Additionally, the side effects of taking etizolam range from manageable to dangerous. Here are other frequently experienced symptoms of etizolam;
- Changes in vision
- Depressed or shallowed breathing
Whereas little medical research has been done on etizolam in the United States, the drug is said to be ten times more powerful than Valium. Therefore, there is a higher chance these side effects might manifest themselves often if you are an etizolam addict, and this consequently increases your chances of overdose. A research done in the UK shows that an overdose of etizolam might result in organ failure, meaning its use in comparison to other benzodiazepines is likely to result in a terminal outcome.
Etizolam Duration Explained
Research shows that the effects of etizolam start showing after half an hour to two hours, with a half-life of 3.4 hours. Its effects usually start generally peaking after three to five hours and on average last for about six to eight hours. This, however, is dependent on the dosage as a higher dose lasts longer in your body. Withdrawal symptoms of etizolam start manifesting as soon as eight hours, and this peaks after three to five days. These symptoms subsequently go on to last for approximately ten days. To get rid of etizolam from your body, the safest way to do so is through medical detox as its symptoms as are very similar to those of benzodiazepine drugs.
What is the Legality of Etizolam?
Presently, you can legally get a prescription of etizolam in India, Italy, and Japan, and its dosage is prescribed either in 0.25mg, 0.5mg or 1.0mg. According to the Scottish Drugs Forum (SDF), the manufacturer of this tablet can also be done in 2 mg tablet formulations with a dosage recommendation of 0.5 mg two times daily for panic disorders, 0.25-0.5 mg twice daily for anxiety-related diseases, and 1-2 mg daily for insomnia. The maximum dosage for etizolam is 3 mg per day, and it is advisable to take it by mouth two times a day in dosages of 0.5 mg. However, people usually do not follow the standardized amount which you should take etizolam, thereby increasing the chances of overdose.
Factors which increase the risk of overdose
Body size – Having a bigger body makes you apter you are to absorbing this drug hence making it simpler for you to process an increased dosage safely.
Age – If you are older, your rate of metabolism usually is slowed down. This consequently makes lower dosages of etizolam impact you more hence making it dangerous in small amounts.
Metabolism – The rate at which etizolam is broken down and processed varies from one individual to another. Thus, if your body breaks down this drug faster, your chances of lethal dosage are considerably increased.
Co-occurring mental or medical health disorders – If you suffer from any medical or psychological condition, taking etizolam makes you experience further complications even in lesser dosages.
Gender – Males and females have different body types, and this usually impacts how etizolam is absorbed, metabolized, and processed outside the body. Thus, this drug’s effect on women may be significantly potent in lower dosages, unlike for a man.
Etizolam is illegal in the United States since the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is yet to carry out approval tests on it to confirm its suitability. Despite this, etizolam has still found its way illegally into the United States either by being put inside a blotter paper or in powdered form. This drug is also considered illegal in Europe and believed to have no medically accepted use.
Etizolam Addiction Symptoms
Research done by the European Journal of Pharmacology shows etizolam has fewer sedative effects in comparison to traditional benzodiazepines. Therefore, it still produces reduced drug dependence and tolerance even with chronic use. Nevertheless, constant use of etizolam for a prolonged duration and at high dosages results in drug dependence. Subsequently, this increases the chances of you getting addicted to it due to its highly addictive nature.
Both benzos and etizolam slow down some activities in the central nervous system and nerve firings, thus causing an increase in gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and dopamine levels in the brain. GABA is a type of natural tranquilizer which suppresses stress reaction while dopamine is a chemical messenger which delivers the feel-good moods. Higher doses of etizolam make you tolerant to the effects of the drug hence making you want more and more every time. It is because of this addictive nature that most countries around the globe have declared this drug illegal.
Some of the addiction symptoms include
Amnesia – Excessive usage of etizolam results in complete memory loss. While in this state of blankness, etizolam addicts may cause harm to others or themselves because they panic easily.
Detachment from reality – Prolonged use of etizolam might lead to loss of emotions hence making you lose your humane attributes. When you get disconnected from your emotions, reality gradually begins to lose sense and meaning. Therefore, if you initially were compassionate and empathetic, addiction to this drug changes that.
Withdrawal symptoms – These symptoms start showing if you are addicted to etizolam and are trying to quit. Typically, these symptoms are disturbing and severe because they interrupt your sleeping cycle. In such cases, a distorted sleeping cycle which leads to an abnormal sleeping process whereby you experience more intense dreams while sleeping. Thus, it becomes increasingly hard to distinguish dreams from reality.
Etizolam Withdrawal Symptoms
Similar to benzodiazepine, etizolam should not be used for more than a few months as it only is considered to be a short-term answer for temporarily relieving panic disorder symptoms and anxiety. Thus, continued and regular use along increasing the dose makes your brain used to having the drug inside your body. This causes your body to stop the normal production and transmission of neurotransmitters causing GABA and dopamine levels to be seriously low when your bloodstream whenever etizolam is not active. Subsequently, withdrawal symptoms start manifesting themselves as the brain struggles to regulate itself.
According to the Indian Journal of Pharmacology, a daily dosage of 2.5 mg of etizolam for more than a month makes you start experiencing withdrawal symptoms if the dose is stopped or reduced. Therefore, individuals struggling with benzodiazepine addiction should not quit using this drug immediately since it results in withdrawal symptoms like;
- Lowered mood
- Drug cravings
- High blood pressure
- Heart palpitations
- Blurred vision
- Muscle spasms or twitches
- Muscle tension
Other symptoms of etizolam withdrawal, which show especially if somebody had been using this drug in high dosages for an extended duration are self-harming behaviors, significant depression, and seizures. Moreover, without proper medical oversight, seizures may be fatal, but these side effects can be managed if the person signs up for a medical detox and rehabilitation program.
Reports show that etizolam is stronger in comparison to FDA-accredited benzodiazepines. Thus an individual could quickly accumulate dangerous levels of this drug in their system, which consequently results in overdose. As time passes, the tolerance also increases, and this further makes the withdrawal symptoms more intense. So, without appropriate medical detox, such individuals run the risk of experiencing severe physical withdrawal symptoms like overdose and relapse.
What treatment is there for etizolam addiction?
For persons struggling with etizolam addiction, getting the necessary assistance immediately is vital. Additionally, due to the potent nature of this medication, medical detox and inpatient rehabilitation is usually the advised step to take. Thanks to medical detox, the individual gets to be provided with medical oversight while going through the withdrawal process, and it includes the administration of medicine to reduce withdrawal symptoms. For people who have used etizolam for more than 5 mg of etizolam, inpatient rehabilitation is necessary.
This type of rehabilitation programs safeguards that the recovering etizolam addicts are in a safe and drug-free environment. Therapists and supports groups are present in these centers to help the persons identify the underlying causes for their addiction, hence learn methods of adequately managing these problems. Likewise, this inpatient rehabilitation helps remove persons from prevailing life triggers or stresses which might cause them to relapse by building a supportive environment for continuing recovery.
Who Abuses Etizolam?
Etizolam addiction, according to the DEA states, spans across various age ranges, that is, from young persons to elderly adults. Individuals who usually have a hard time dealing with panic attacks or anxiety disorders use this medication to eliminate or reduce these symptoms, rather than getting high. There have been reported incidences, especially among persons of overdose or addiction to etizolam in an attempt to treat anxiety disorders. Thus, this shows just how potent this medication is and the reason why strict adherence to the prescription is necessary.
Despite etizolam and benzodiazepine being different, they belong to the same family. The use of benzodiazepine in high dosages has been proved to be dangerous. This is particularly so if it is mixed with other inebriating substances such as opioid drugs or alcohol. Persons who typically have a difficult time with polydrug, particularly the abuse of opioid medicines, alcohol, or benzodiazepine are highly vulnerable to overdose and death. Because etizolam is more potent than benzodiazepine, its effects are more dangerous and useful for anyone suffering from its addiction. This is especially the case if the person has developed a high tolerance for this specific drug.
If appropriately used, etizolam is a useful drug as it helps to remedy some of the conditions mentioned above, such as insomnia, anxiety, and pain. However, excessive use of this drug and mixing it with either a type of depressant or alcohol may result in fatal effects like excessive calmness and dizziness. If you are suffering from its addiction, you must not quit once, but gradually to prevent experiencing adverse withdrawal symptoms.
Additionally, if you have a prescription for etizolam, you must never miss on this dosage to guarantee that it works effectively. It is because maintaining a consistent level in your body throughout the entire duration is vital. You should not take a double dosage if you forget taking this drug on the prescribed time. Finally, etizolam must be used for a short-term basis, that is, a maximum of three to four weeks, as its continued usage might lead to dependency.